CSS 2016 Results Announced- Are These One of The Worst So Far ? A Critical Overview

 The Quaid-e-Azam once termed the civilian bureaucracy as the “backbone of the state”, while the French Historian Albert Guerard has said, “So long as the bureaucrat is at the desk, France survives.”

In this light, the failure of 97.91 per cent of aspirants in the Central Superior Services (CSS) exams portrays a disappointing scenario. This failure needs to be assessed in the context of institutional strength. The startling rate of failure also questions the efficacy of the existing educational and evaluation systems. To be a member of the elite civil service is a dream for many. CSS exams are the only recruitment apparatus that still enjoy public trust and credibility.
Federal Public Service Commission announced the results of written part of one of the most  prestigious competitive examination announced yesterday. The long time awaiting moment for the CSS aspirants;  despite knowing that very few of them would be able to make their way out of it, they  never stop taking their chances.
In a telling sign for the country’s dismal state of education, only 2.09% of ‘potential’ candidates passed the competitive examination for the country’s civil service.
According to the results announced by the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC), only 202 candidates of a total 9643 passed the CSS written examination, a 2.09 pass percentage.

An Overview of Stats:
The statistics of CSS Competitive Examination, 2016 are as under:
Candidates Applied : 20717
Candidates Appeared : 9643
Candidates Passed in Written Exam : 202
Pass Percentage w.r.t Appeared Candidates : 2.09%

 Dwindling prestige of Central Superior Services:
According to the 2011 Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) annual report, a total of 11,888 candidates registered to appear in the CSS exams, 7,759 appeared in them and 642 passed the written test. They were interviewed for 271 vacancies. Of these, 205 vacancies were filled and the rest remained unfilled, which were primarily those of females and minorities from Balochistan, Sindh and Gilgit-Baltistan. These vacancies remained unfilled due to the non-availability of qualified and suitable candidates. In the final selection, 77 per cent male and 23 per cent female candidates were allocated to various occupational groups.
Poor communication, weak analytical skills, inadequate knowledge of Pakistan and its civic issues, and poor general knowledge are some of the reasons behind the high percentage of failure. To attract promising talent, in June 2013, the FPSC announced the introduction of a screening process but this idea was postponed to be implemented in 2015. The screening test will be based upon multiple choice questions worth 200 marks and will aim at filtering potential candidates in a bid to reduce the burden on the FPSC.
In India until 2010, the written exam was based on the recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1979). From 2011 onwards, a preliminary examination was also added to the process. The Indian screening test intends to focus on analytical abilities and understanding rather than on the traditional ability to memorise. Candidates who fail the screening test are not eligible to appear in the subsequent written exam. The Indian civil service exams are based on three stages — preliminary, main and personality test, while the Pakistani exams consist of two stages i.e., the written test and the interview.
Career counselling, hunting talent, training and capacity-building all need to be synchronised efforts on part of the FPSC, academia and the political leadership.

Those candidates, who have passed in the written examination, are still required to undergo pre-selection schedules for medical examination, psychological assessment and viva voce.

Previous Results Highlights:

CSS Results 2012
Candidates applied                       = 24,640
Candidates appeared                    = 13,170
Candidates passed                        = 439
Successful male candidates          = 294
Successful female candidates       = 145
Percentage                                    = 3.3%

CSS Results 2013
Candidates applied                       = 15998
Candidates appeared                    = 11406
Candidates passed                        = 238
Successful male candidates          = 172
Successful female candidates       = 66
Percentage                                    = 2.09%

CSS Results 2014
Candidates applied                       = 14,335
Candidates appeared                    = 10006
Candidates passed                        = 788
Successful male candidates          = 588
Successful female candidates       = 200
Percentage                                    = 3.3 %

In the view of the above knowledge, it is need of the hour that career counselling, hunting talent, training and capacity-building all are needed to be synchronised efforts on part of the FPSC, academia and the political leadership. 
 About Author 

Dr. Imtiaz Zahoor is a keen freelance writer, blogger, digital marketer and a veterinarian. With an interest in analytical writing, current affairs and tech content, he jots down stories for different news blogs and websites. He believes that, ‘the secret of becoming a good writer is to write, write and keep on writing.''

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